The North Sea region, located in the northwest of Europe, is expected to be a frontrunner in the European energy transition. In terms of population, it contains around 200 million inhabitants. The aggregated GDP of the North Sea region countries adds up to 9.6 billion euros, which accounts for 60% of the GDP of the EU. In contrast, in terms of land this region represents only the 15% of the EU surface.
The North Sea region countries, in line with recent EU level policies, such as the Green Deal, have set ambitious decarbonisation targets, aiming to reach net-zero emissions by 2050. In the last two decades (Fig.1) the region has […]