ESR 3, Modelling of Policies and Investments for a large-scale Introduction of Variable Renewable Power Production

Many actors envision a future renewable electricity system dominated by solar and wind. However, it is not clear how such a system would optimally be designed in general or in the North Sea region. For example, a system dominated by solar and wind will face challenges to cover the electricity demand at nights without wind. This variability of solar and wind may be handled by storage, transmission, demand side management, or fuel production (like hydrogen).

The aim of the project is to model a renewable power system and evaluate: 1) which investments and variation management strategies that would be cost-effective to use and 2) which policies that would foster such a system. The young researcher will be responsible for developing a modelling tool, primarily using an optimization approach, to analyze the electricity system and to make analysis of the results.

Planned secondments: Engie (Netherlands) and European University of Flensburg (Germany).
Main supervisors: Fredrik Hedenus and Christian Azar.

ESR 4, Spatial Modelling and Potentials of Energy Systems and Transport for the North Sea Region

The objective of this research is to execute a geographically explicit land use, land consumption, land reserves and transport analysis and to develop scenarios using a combination of simulation and static models for the North Sea region based on the best suitable data as well as on legislation and plans for future space use. The used analyses and models identify the suitability of areas for decentralised energy supply (wind power, electric charge sta0ons, etc.), scenarios for and efficient transport network and economic potentials and implementa0on poten0als for key energy technologies taking into account competing spatial claims.

Planned secondments: WPD Windmanager (Germany)
Lead supervisor: prof. Claudia Yamu.

ESR 5, Simulation of Sustainable Pathways of the EU-28 Energy System

This ESR will build on the existing open source and open data based energy system modelling framework OEMOF of the German and European power sector developed at Europa-University Flensburg. It will also build on the latest developments in linking the power system models with the heat sector (ANGUS II) and the work of ESR 2 on linking the transport sector and major dispatchable loads into the modelling system. ESR 5 will concentrate on extending the GIS based modelling framework to the energy system of the entire EU-28 and to use this extended framework to analyze different possible transition pathways towards a long term climate neutral sustainable energy system for EU-28. A major focus of this work will be the analysis of the future function and role of the North Sea region as part of such a sustainable energy future and the possible transition pathways towards such sustainable future energy system. ESR 5 will work in very close cooperation with ESR 2 and in close cooperation with other ESRs addressing energy system modelling issues.

Planned secondments: Statkraft (Norway), Chalmers University (Sweden)
Lead supervisor: Prof. Dr. Olav Hohmeyer

ESR 6, Integrated bio-refinery and – CCU Technologies for Aquatic and Terrestrial Biomass

The overall objective of this ESR project are to develop a thermochemical bioenergy concept incorporating hydrothermal liquefaction with carbon capture and use from the process, to result in optimized biofuel production and carbon efficiency. Furthermore, the concept will be based on both lignocellulosic and macroalgae input, and thus an objective is to establish a viable concept for co-liquefaction in terms of process design, efficiency and product quality. Aside from experimental determination of hydrothermal liquefaction performance, process modelling will be employed to establish overall mass and energy flows, to perform process optimization, and to explore the interaction of the biorefinery with electricity and gas (hydrogen) grids.

Planned secondments: Ocean Rainforest (Faroe Islands) and Goodfuels (the Netherlands).
Lead supervisor: Prof. Lasse Rosendahl.

ESR 7, Offshore Advanced Renewable Energy Technologies, Learning Curves and Roadmaps

The main objective of this project is to investigate how key off-shore RET’s (wind, wave, macro-algue, OTEC) and low carbon options (CCS/EOR/EGR) and infrastructure (including key flexibility and energy storage options) can develop over time in terms of improvement, scale-up and implementation.

Expected Results are:

  1. A review of state-of-the-art literature combined with recent industry data on techno-economic performance on current, short, medium and longer term of key renewable energy, key flexibility and energy storage options and low carbon technologies relevant for the North Sea: wind power, wave (and tidal) energy, CCS + enhanced oil & gas recovery schemes and macro-algae production systems.
  2. Bottom-up description of the learning curves of selected technologies with emphasis on options that are poorly studied to date: macro-algae production systems and wave energy options.
  3. Methodological findings, full cost analysis of development pathways.
  4. Based on insights of step 1-3, clear, detailed quantified roadmaps and development and deployment pathways for mentioned technologies in the North Sea region; as well as detailed recommendations for RDD&D strategies.


Planned secondments: Offshore Renewable Energies Catapult (Scotland), the Norwegian Oil and Gas Association, Shell (Netherlands), and to Aalborg University (Denmark).
Main supervisor: prof. dr. André Faaij.

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